Modern day biomedical research on common marmoset monkeys began in the early 1960s when the use of nonhuman primates as laboratory models for human disease dramatically increased. Before 1960, the majority of laboratory colonies of common marmosets were used for behavioral and anthropological studies. The principal advantage of using nonhuman primates in research comes from their approximate 88-97% genetic similarity to humans. Many species of nonhuman primates, however, are difficult to study in a laboratory because they are endangered in the wild (so their population numbers are low), expensive to maintain, have low reproduction rates, and require a large quantity of test materials as well as cage space. Because of these limitations only 30 of the estimated 200 primate species are used in biomedical and behavioral research.
Gerrard, P. A. (2000). Use of the Marmoset in Pharmacological Studies. European Marmoset Research Group Inter-Disciplinary Forum for Discussion and Training in Primate Biological and Biomedical Research. 6th Workshop of the European Marmoset Research Group (Programme & Abstracts). 14.
MacNulty, P. A. (2000). The Choice of Species in Toxicology- Why the Marmoset? European Marmoset Research Group (2000). Inter-Disciplinary Forum for Discussion and Training in Primate Biological and Biomedical Research. 6th Workshop of the European Marmoset Research Group (Programme & Abstracts). 26.
Rylands, A. B. (1997). The Callitrichidae: A Biological Overview. Handbook: Marmosets and Tamarins in Biomedical Research. Salisbury, UK.: DSSD Imagery. 1-2.
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Next
Text by Rebecca Dallwig. Layout by Matt Hoffman.Development of this web page was supported by a grant from the Wisconsin Advanced Telecommunications Foundation, the University of Wisconsin (Extension & Systems), and grants number RR00167 and number RR15311, National Primate Centers Program, National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health.
Page last modified: January 22, 2001
Maintained by the WPRC Library
Send questions, comments, and suggestions about this site to David Abbott
Return to Common Marmoset HOME